The coffee beans are seeds produced by a coffee tree as its fruits, and are not actually beans when they are cultivated from the plants. Most of the coffee trees are developed in places with sub-tropical climates. There are different types of coffee beans. The large number of coffee beans is originated from 2 varieties of coffee:
1. Coffea Arabica – is a variety of coffee which is also known as “mountain coffee” or “coffee shrub of Arabia.”This kind of coffee is originally native of the mountains located in Yemen’s southwestern highlands, and is deemed to be the premier coffee species that was cultivated in southwest Arabia for more than 1,000 years.
2. Coffea robusta – is also known as “Canephor bean” which is developed in numerous similar regions. This type of beans contains a lesser amount of oil and offer more bitter and acidic taste; moreover, it is rich in caffeine compare to Arabic coffee beans. Robusta bean is actually economical than the Arabica and is the most used to mix in coffees in the supermarket shelves. Therefore, when it is prepared for espresso, it is otherwise expensive.
There are other variations of coffee beans too, such as the following:
Coffea benghalensis or also known as “Bengal coffee”
Coffea congensis or also known as “Congo coffee”
Coffea liberica and Coffea excelsia or also known as “Liberian coffee”
Coffea stenophylla or also known as “Sierra Leonian coffee”
These coffees bean species are very uncommon, perhaps, most of them are non-existent when you find them in the market for export, but the 2 Liberian coffees mentioned above are sold in the luxury markets in limited quantity. In the current, coffee becomes a demanding commodity of people that needs a great deal of labor. They are picked through bare hands at specific period of time when they get ripe.
Now almost all people around the world are craving for coffee because it gives soothing feeling especially when it is drink early in the morning.